Health and Climate Change in Europe

Lancet Countdown Europe

About the Lancet Countdown in Europe

The Lancet Countdown: Health and Climate Change in Europe is tracking the connections between public health and climate change across Europe.

Our work

The Lancet Countdown in Europe is established as a research collaboration in 2021 whose mission is to monitor health and climate change in the region. Building on the work of the global Lancet Countdown and other regions, it will leverage on the wealth of data and cross disciplinary expertise in Europe, to develop high-resolution Europe-specific indicators that explore in further depth aspects of particular relevance to the region. The initiative mirros the approach of the global Lancet Countdown, and monitor health dimensions of climate change in Europe across five key domains:

i) climate change impacts; exposures, and vulnerability;

ii) adaptation planning and resilience for health;

iii) mitigation actions and health co-benefits;

iv) economics and finance; and

v) politics and governance.

Indicators will be refined on an annual basis as new data and better methods become available

In its initial stages, the work will focus on the 38 EEA member states and cooperating countries, with a view to expanding coverage to the whole WHO European Region. The data for the indicators of the Lancet Countdown in Europe will also be made openly available online for download, through this webpage.

As the collaboration grows, we welcome input and suggestions from researchers and policy makers across Europe who are willing to contribute to this initiative.


Tracking progress on health and climate change in Europe. 2021. The Lancet Public Health6(11), e858-e865.


The Lancet Countdown and European Environment Agency. Responding to the Health Risks of Climate Change in Europe. 2021. Policy Report. 

The Lancet Countdown, Standing Committee for European Doctors and European Public Health Alliance. Policy Brief for Europe. 2021. 


4 March 2021             Launch of the policy brief Responding to the Health Risks of Climate Change in Europe

23 September 2021   Launch of the Lancet Countdown in Europe – recording

2 December 2021.     European launch of the 2021 Lancet Countdown Report – recording

Contact Us


Chair Prof. Maria Nilsson

Prof. Maria Nilsson is a professor in public health with the orientation climate change and health at the department of Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Sweden; a social scientist who holds a PhD in epidemiology and public health sciences. Her main focus is climate change and health, with a specific interest in adaptation and vulnerable populations, health and risk communication and knowledge translation. She was the integrating editor for health in the 2015 "Lancet Commission - Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health" and co-leads the working group on adaptation, planning, and resilience for health in the global “Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change". She is Editor in chief for Global Health Action, an international journal publishing research in the field of global health, addressing transnational health and policy issues. She was awarded a fellowship from the Swedish Institute for Global Health Transformation (SIGHT), under the auspices of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, for global health leadership. Recently, she has also become the chair of the Lancet Countdown in Europe.

Co-Chair Prof. Josep M. Antó

Josep M. Antó is a Senior Research Professor (ISGlobal) and Professor of Medicine at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Spain. He is a respiratory physician and epidemiologist whose research has focused on the epidemiology of asthma and COPD with special interest on the environmental determinants and prevention of these diseases. He is Professor at Barcelona Institute of Global Health (ISGlobal) and at Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Among other leading positions, he has been the Founding Director of Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL) (2005-2016) and Founding Scientific Director of ISGlobal (2016-2019). In the past years, he has been increasingly devoted to adapt environmental health strategies to the fight against climate change and to promote the concept of planetary health locally and internationally. Recently, he became the co-chair of the Lancet Countdown in Europe.

Director Prof. Rachel Lowe

Rachel Lowe is an ICREA Research Professor and Global Health Resilience Team Leader in the Earth Science Department of the Barcelona Supercomputing Center in Spain. Rachel obtained a PhD in Mathematics at the University of Exeter in 2011. Her thesis focused on spatiotemporal modelling of dengue epidemics in Brazil. She held postdoctoral positions at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Italy and the Catalan Institute for Climate Sciences, working at the interface of climate prediction science and public health decision-making. From 2016-2021 she was a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellow at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, where she continues to serve on the management committee of the Centre on Climate Change and Planetary Health. Rachel’s research involves modelling the impact of environmental change on infectious disease epidemics, to inform disease control and prevention strategies. She has published high impact research on modelling climate-sensitive disease risk, with a focus on integrating seasonal climate forecasts in dengue early warning systems in the Americas and Southeast Asia. In 2018, she won the International Society for Neglected Tropical Diseases (ISNTD) Water Award for Research, in recognition of the quality of her research on the linkages between hydrometeorological extremes and dengue outbreaks and the multi-sectoral relevance for policy and practice.

Consultant Kim Robin van Daalen

Kim van Daalen is a PhD Candidate and Gates Scholar at the University of Cambridge. Her current PhD research focuses on environmental arsenic pollution and risk of cardiovascular disease. Kim has co-authored multiple peer-reviewed publications reflecting her broad research interests at the intersections of environmental epidemiology with climate change, policy, planetary health, and (gender) inequities. She also pursues her interests through part-time work including as a Consultant for the Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, as a Research Associate and Coordinator for the NGO Women in Global Health, and previously as a Research Consultant for the World Bank. Kim has also held many positions in global student organizations, including six years in leadership roles for the International Federation of Medical Students Associations.

Watch the launch event