1.4.1 Climate Suitability for Infectious Disease Transmission
This indicator works to isolate the influence of a changing climate on the changing patterns of infectious disease. The suitability for transmission of many infectious diseases is influenced by shifts in temperature and precipitation. Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that can cause febrile illnesses and, in severe cases, organ failure and death, with children under five particularly at risk. Vibrio bacteria are found in brackish marine waters and cause a range of human infections, including gastroenteritis, wound infections, septicaemia and cholera. With temperatures changing across the globe, this indicator tracks how this is affecting the climate suitability for these infections.